Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi
Probably the most famous Indian sage of the twentieth century.
He was renowned for his saintly life, for the fullness of his self-realization, and for the feelings of deep peace that visitors experienced in his presence. So many people came to see him at the holy hill of Arunchala where he spent his adult life that an ashram had to be built around him.
He answered questions for hours every day, but never considered himself to be anyone’s guru.
At age 16, he became spontaneously self-realized. Six weeks later he ran away to the holy hill of Arunachala where he would remain for the rest of his life. For several years he stopped talking. When he began speaking again, people came to ask him questions, and he soon acquired a reputation as a sage. In 1907, when he was 28, one of his early devotees named him Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi, Divine Eminent Ramana the Great Seer, and the name stuck. Eventually he became world-famous and an ashram was built around him. He died of cancer in 1950 at the age of 70
Ramana Maharshi didn’t have a human guru (other than himself). He often said that his guru was Arunachala, a holy mountain in South India.
When Ramana was a boy his father died which disturbed him greatly. One day he decided to lay down on his bed a imagine what it would be like to be dead. No matter how hard he tried, he was always left with what he perceived to be the force of personality; what he termed as the I,I. After this internal realization, he studied scriptures in silence for many years trying to understand what had happened. His teachings sprung from this.
Ramana Maharshi taught a method called self-inquiry (Atma Vichara) in which the seeker focuses continuous attention on the question ‘Who Am I’? in order to find its source.